Patients who have diabetes are prone to getting various foot issues due to the resulting peripheral vascular disease or neuropathy. Vascular disease and neuropathy cause damage to nerves and restricted flow that may lessen your ability to have sensation on your feet or take longer to heal from injuries, more so when cut. The damage to your nerves and the weakening of tissues from the reduction in blood flow may increase your risk of different foot infections and conditions. The following are some of the foot issues common in people with diabetes that need to be watched.
With this foot issues, fungi may cause germs to enter your skin through the cracks in your skin. Symptoms include itching, redness, and cracking. Athlete’s foot may be treated with various medicines with most of these treatments coming in the form of rub-on creams or pills.
Nail fungal infections
Nail infections are usually hard to treat than Athlete’s foot. With this foot issue, the nails begin to crumble. The most common treatments for this issue topical ones which are spread directly on the nails and pills which are prescribed by doctors. These infections may be caused by the warm and moist environment of the shoes and injury to your toenails.
These are hardened skin build-up often in the feet underside. The incorrect and uneven distribution of weight, ill-fitting shoes or skin abnormalities cause this foot issue. There are various treatments for this such as cushioned insoles, use of pumice stones when bathing to scrub the tissue built-up gently and prescribed medications. The calluses need not be sliced off or cut with sharp objects as this can result in infections.
Like calluses, they are also build-ups of hardened tissues on your feet. The difference is that they develop between the toes and the bony areas around. Taking prescription medication or rubbing using pumice stones will treat corns. Cutting the corns and topical treatments should not be used to remove corns.
These are painful puss pockets which normally develop on the toes and bottom of the feet. They are commonly caused by wearing shoes for a long time without socks and ill-fitting shoes. Popping blisters are the worst thing you can do. When popped, they easily and quickly lead to infections which takes the diabetic long to heal.
This is when the big toe starts to grow crooked angling towards your second toe. Since this toe is crooked, the part of your toe attaching it to your foot may be callused, red and sore. The area may become hard. Bunions may be hereditary or the result of ill-fitting shoes like high heels with narrow areas for your toes. Toe separators, surgery and foam padding are some known cures for bunions.
All these foot issues may happen to anybody but are more likely to occur in diabetics. They are also more serious for people with diabetes who cannot fight virus and bacteria causing them.